Course Description


The goal of this course aims to lead students to the field of the general biology and train them to think scientifically and independently. Scientific inquiry and statistical analysis is included to give them the flavor how to bring up questions and resolve them in scientific way. To observe the discrepancy between difference species in cellular levels, light microscope will be used as a tool. This course also includes some basic biological processes such as cell respiration and photosynthesis and the onset of life such as meiosis, reproduction and the early embryonic development. Human variation is based upon various genetic coding. The basic biological molecules including DNA, RNA and protein, and the information of heritance genetics will be covered intensively in this course. In the final three weeks, students are expected to learn more related to the anatomy of mammals given as rats here. Taken together, this class is designed for students to prepare for profound courses at senior years. 

Course Objectives 

To introduce students to the real life To train students to think scientifically and independently To broaden students' knowledge in the process of biomedical research To inspire students creativity To build concepts for courses at senior years

Course Conents 

1. Overview of the course and laboratory safety

2. The process of scientific inquiry and statistics

3. Using the microscope

4. Karyotyping

5. Cellular respiration, photosynthesis and controlled experimentation

6. Meiosis, reproduction, and early embryonic development

7. Demonstration of detection of protein, DNA and RNA by spectrophotometer

8. Gross anatomy of the rat

9. The muscle system of the rat

10. The skeletal system of the ratRequired


Junqueira's Basic Histology, twelfth edition, text and atlas, Anthony L. Mescher, McGraw-Hill Companies



Component Percentage
Lab attitude, performance and attendance  10%
Presentation  10%
Term paper  10%
Karyotyping  10%
Midterm  30%
Final Exam  30%